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Pommel: The butt end of a sword that acts to secure the hilt parts as well as provide a counterbalance to the blade for better maneuverability.
Grip: The area between the pommel and crossguard that is grasped by the hand.
Crossguard: The metal cross piece that separates the hand from the blade. Its primary function is to protect the hand from harm from other blades and hard blows.
Quillon: The long extension of the crossguard.
Hilt: What the complete hand assembly is called including the pommel, grip and crossguard.
Ricasso: The shoulder of the blade where it meets the hilt. Depending on model this can be flat or ground to the shape of the blade.
Fuller: A groove running down the blade that strengthens and lightens a blade.
Blade: The extended steel portion used for cutting.
Point: The tip of the blade.
Scabbard: Sometimes called a sheath, protects the blade and offers a safe way to carry the weapon.
Throat or Locket: The top of the scabbard that accepts the sword blade.
Chape or Tip: The end of the scabbard.
Furniture: A general term that refers to all accents adorning a scabbard.