Battle Axes could be single or double edged. Used primarily as a cutting weapon, they were capable of dismembering the enemy in one fell swoop. Not only were they used for close contact fighting, they could also be hurled as a missile.
Maces were crucial in the fight against an armored knight. Cheap to make and simple to use, they were used as a close contact weapon both on foot and horseback. Capable of delivering deadly blows, these bludgeoning weapons were primarily used by foot soldiers.
The development of the flintlock pistol revolutionized combat. First used in ship to ship combat, they later became a primary means of dueling.
Pole Arms, Spearheads & ...
Pole Arms and Spears were very versatile weapons. Used in siege warfare, they were comprised of a shaft with a blade or pointed tip. They were used to strike, swing, poke and thrust. Inexpensive to make, they required little training or skill to be used effectively.
Staffs & Canes
Sword canes first appeared in Medieval Japan. Use spread to Europe and continued into the Renaissance as they were seen as a fashionable way to carry a sword discretely. Sword canes became even more popular in later years when thrusting blades came into fashion.
These versatile close combat weapons were capable of inflicting significant injury to an armored knight. The spiked end could be used to grab the reins of the horse, while the hammer was ideal against plate armor.